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The Department of Youth and Sports has accompanied the development of the Sahara region since its recovery by the motherland, the Kingdom of Morocco, by providing frameworks and animations and conducting necessary facilities for youth.

These facilities were almost non-existent in urban areas and totally lacking in peri-urban areas and rural areas of the Sahara region.

The department in charge of Youth and Sports has played an important role in the development of the sector through several sporting, educational and cultural  achievements for Sahrawi children and youth, as well as a participatory approach involving both educational training, sports and local population. This approach has allowed the emergence of an intellectual and sport elite who represented the Kingdom of Morocco in several events and competitions organized at the national and international levels.

Like the actions taken throughout the kingdom, meetings and training sessions are regularly held with Saharawi young people in youth spaces. These sessions are designed to develop a sporting spirit to enable young people to participate in the building of a Moroccan responsible, open and compact society based upon national and international values of citizenship. 

These spaces are also frequented by non-governmental associations, which are also involved in the supervision of young people as part of the national initiative for Human Development (INDH).

As elsewhere in the Kingdom, several animation programs are organized annually in the Sahara region for young people including:

• theatre Workshops
• Music courses
• film Workshops
• Painting Workshops
• Annual Program 'holidays for all'
• People's Universities
• Literary Cafes
• Youth Forums
• Regular Programme 'Sports for All'
• Programme called “Ajialoukoum” (Generations) for hardware equipment


Youth spaces

Their numbers reached nowadays nineteen (19) spaces. They are distributed between the cities of Laayoune, Dakhla, Boujdour, Smara and Assa Zag.
The objective is to attract further young people to enable them benefit from the various programs ranging from animation tutorial assistance to literacy programs through workshops, cultural and sporting events.

All of these activities are summarized in what follows:

• Civic educational courses
• Health Courses
•  Cooking classes and family management for housewives
• Literacy Programs
• Childcare Animation
• Learning sewing and embroidery
• Sport Entrainements (football, basketball…)
• Collective Games (societal, chess…)

More than 700,000 young people have benefited from these activities.

Activities in Al Wahda district

After the building of this neighborhood, several educational and sport equipment has been dispatched to supervise youth and handle educational and sporting events.

Several educational and sport facilities have been set up: tables and chairs, sewing machines, weaving machines, ping-pong table, projection equipment for movies, games, children's games, sports equipment for football, basketball, handball, volleyball and sport clothing.

On the other hand, and in cooperation with local authorities, several sports facilities were conducted, sport fields, as well as spaces for young people.

Reception Centers

Reception centers are designed to accommodate national and international organizations for youth. The region Laâyoune-Boujdour-Sakia el Hamra has witnessed the creation of three (3) reception centers with a capacity of one hundred and twenty (120) beds. Nowadays, more than eight thousand (8000) young people have benefited from these infrastructures in the context of cultural and sporting events and visit exchange.

These exchanges allow national and international youth to discover the geological, natural and cultural features of the Sahara region. These exchanges also enable us to see the development of socio-economic infrastructure in the region.

The following table gives a summary of youth centers in the Sahara region:


Number of centers for children

Reception Capacity



Oued-eddahab / Aoouserd


























Activities for women

female supervision of the Department of Youth and Sports took part in the development of education and sports in the Sahara region since its return to the motherland. These services target children and young girls as well as women Sahrawi.

In terms of infrastructure

Emphasis was placed on achieving host institutions from early childhood, mothers in difficulty and skill centers for women. These institutions have participated and participate today in the development of Sahrawi women. Their number is increasing (28) schools.

In terms of leadership

The Department of Youth and Sports has recruited several Saharan women to managerial positions. Every year, they benefit from continuous educational training sessions for children and the illiterate. They also receive training in the training centers.
The number of executives who specialize in women's activities in the Sahara region amounts to one hundred and one (101) managers.

In terms of activities and programs

professional Initiation and awareness program
Several activities target young girls and women of different ages and grade levels (illiterate, primary, secondary and university levels). They include lectures on civic education, programs to combat illiteracy, awareness sessions on the new codes family and work… The practical aspect relates to manual work related to textiles (weaving, sewing, embroidery), and housework. The purpose of these training sessions is to allow women and girls learn skills needed for their integration into the socio-economic life of the country.
The number of women and girls who benefited of these programs in the Sahara region during the past decade exceeds ten seven thousand (17,991).

Literacy Programs
The program was organized according to three (3) phases: initiation, monitoring and learning. The number of girls and women who have benefited from this program exceeds four thousand beneficiaries (4,256).

Co-operatives and small economic projects
The purpose of these initiatives is to enable Saharan women to benefit from training and coaching for learning teamwork to improve their living standards and secure their livelihoods.
The number of girls and women who have benefited from these initiatives exceeds one hundred forty thousand beneficiaries (144,686).

Vocational training
The vocational training sector has seen a continuous development since the recovery of the Sahara region by the motherland. At Laâyoune for example, two training centers have emerged in the fields of model building, hairdressing and information technology
The number of beneficiaries during the past ten years exceeds thousand and one hundred girls and women (1,192).

Activities related to childhood
Day nursery has developed in the region of the Sahara. They have allowed to accommodate children aged between three (3) and six (6) years.
The number of children benefiting from these childcare amounts to more than seventy eight thousand children (78,991).

These institutional activities accompanied other non-institutional activities:

Awareness Campaigns
The Department of Youth and Sports has organized several campaigns on behalf of Saharawi women. These campaigns have addressed several social issues such as health, food safety, environmental protection, management of births, women's rights…
The number of beneficiaries who have benefited from these campaigns exceeds two hundred fifteen thousand girls and women (215,396) and seventy thousand boys and girls (70,710).

Mobile awareness and training units 
These mobile units move in rural and remote areas of the Sahara region which do not have facilities for women and children. The number of women having benefited from the activities of these units exceeds thirty thousand (30,809) women, girls and children.

Actions and Events
Several demonstrations and training sessions are held regularly on behalf of agents and managers working in the field of women and children in the Sahara region. Among these events are:

• Organization of festivities commemorating the international day of women
• Organization of training sessions on managing administrative, financial and technical institutions in charge of Women's Affairs
• Organization of training and awareness sessions on reproduction and birth management
• Organization of training on new techniques relating to cultivation of roses
•  Participation in national and international trade fairs of Women's affairs 


Number of women centers

Reception Capacity



Oued-eddahab / Aoouserd
























NB: To be completed as soon as Data are available




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