The National Initiative for Human Development was initiated by His Majesty King Mohammed VI in his speech of May 18, 2005 to overcome precariousness in the Kingdom’s neediest regions.
The state had to consolidate its modernization process as a legal, democratic and open to the materialized world through reforms and structuring projects, generating growth.
Accordingly, it was essential to proceed with human development in its economic, social and cultural life, based on the principles of good governance.
This initiative is based upon an inventory of fixtures about precariousness in the kingdom despite the government’s efforts which spends 50% of annual expenses in social sectors and supports community and public programs.
Some figures relating to precariousness are presented below:
• 2% of urban population including 1.3% are living in extreme precariousness, i.e. 200,000 people
• 23% of the rural population lives below the poverty line i.e. an annual income below 3,500 DH
• 700,000 households or 4 million people living in non-regulatory neighborhoods or slums
Given these social deficits, NIHD has a capacity of additional funding to support four types of actions corresponding to the actions of human development:
• Income-generating activities
• Support to access to equipment and basic social services
• Support to social, cultural and sport activities.
• Support to the strengthening of governance and local capacity
Basically, NIHD reinforces the State’s action and local authorities. It does not replace the sectoral programs or plans for economic and social development of local communities.
In the first phase of NIHD, the focus was on four priority programs:
• The program to combat rural poverty targeting 360 rural communes among the poorest ones.
• The program to combat social exclusion in urban areas targeting 250 districts among the most impoverished in large cities.
• The program to combat insecurity targeting 50,000 people living in extreme precariousness in addition to those already assisted in the various public or civic structures belonging to priority categories: homeless youth, street children, abandoned children, women in precarious situations, beggars and vagrants, ex-detainees without resources, the mentally ill homeless, disabled people and the elderly.
• Transversal program supporting activities with a high impact on human development at all untargeted rural and urban communes.